An Expensive Trip To Nowhere? World Wire Special Coverage provides a number of articles from around the world.
Levant[ edit ] A 6th century Nestorian churchSt. John the Arab, in the Assyrian village of Geramon.
One of the key centers of Christianity became the city of Antiochprevious capital of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empirelocated in today what is modern Turkey. Antioch was evangelized perhaps by Peter the Apostleaccording to the tradition upon which the Antiochene patriarchate still rests its claim for primacy,  and certainly by Barnabas and Paul.
Its converts were the first to be called Christians. Between andten assemblies of the church were held at Antioch and it became the seat of one of the original five patriarchatesalong with JerusalemAlexandriaConstantinopleand Rome.
Caucasus[ edit ] Saint Nino — is credited with establishing Christianity as a state religion in Georgia. Armenia and Georgia were the first nations to adopt Christianity as a state religion, in and respectively.
Christianity had been preached in Armenia by two of Jesus' twelve apostles — Thaddaeus and Bartholomew — between AD. Because of these two founding apostles, the official name of the Armenian Church is Armenian Apostolic Churchand it is considered to be the world's oldest national church.
The Church of Caucasian Albania was established inafter Caucasian Albania located in what is now Azerbaijan became a Christian state.
In Georgia, Christianity was first preached by the apostles Simon and Andrew in the first century. It became the state religion of Kartli, Iberia the area of Georgia's capital in The conversion of Georgia to Christianity is credited to the efforts of Saint Nino of Cappadocia — Christianity in Iran Christianity further spread eastward under the Parthian Empirewhich displayed a high tolerance of religious matters.
The spread of the Jews in Asia since the deportation from Babylon and the capture of Jerusalem by Titus also seems to have been a contributing factor. Further persecutions seem to have taken place under Shapur II and Yazdegerd IIwith events in having brought significant damage to the faith.
According to the Acts, Thomas was at first reluctant to accept this mission, but the Lord appeared to him in a night vision and compelled him to accompany an Indian merchant, Abbanes or Habbanto his native place in northwest India. The Apostle's ministry resulted in many conversions throughout the kingdom, including the king and his brother.
From there he preached the gospel throughout the Malabar Coast. The various Churches he founded were located mainly on the Periyar River and its tributaries and along the coast, where there were Jewish colonies. He preached to all classes of people and had about converts, including members of the four principal castes.
Later, stone crosses were erected at the places where churches were founded, and they became pilgrimage centres. In accordance with apostolic custom, Thomas ordained teachers and leaders or elders, who were reported to be the earliest ministry of the Malabar church.
Thomas next proceeded overland to the Coromandel Coast in southeastern India, and ministered in what is now the Madras area, where a local King and many people were converted.
One tradition related that he went from there to China via Malacca in Malaysia, and after spending some time there, returned to the Madras area.
So according to the Syriac version of the Acts of Thomas, Mazdai, the local king at Mylaporeafter questioning the Apostle condemned him to death about the year AD Anxious to avoid popular excitement, the King ordered Thomas conducted to a nearby mountain, where, after being allowed to pray, he was then stoned and stabbed to death with a lance wielded by an angry Brahmin.
Nestorianism In the Sassanid emperor summoned the Persian church leaders to the Synod of Seleucia. His purpose was to make the Catholicos of Seleucia-Ctesiphon the minority leader of the Christians in the Empire, and personally responsible for their good conduct throughout the Persian empire.
The synod accepted the emperor's wish. In the bishops of Persia met in council under the leadership of Catholicos Dadiso and determined that there would be no reference of their disciplinary or theological problems to any other power, especially not to any church council in the Roman Empire.
The formal separation from the See of Antioch and the western Syrian Church under the Roman Byzantine Emperors, occurred at this synod in Nestorianism[ edit ] The eastern development of Christianity continued to separate from the west, pushed along by such events as 's Council of Ephesusin which the Syrian bishop NestoriusPatriarch of Constantinople sincewas accused of heresy for preaching his brand of Christianity, labelled Nestorianism after him.
He and his followers were banished from the Byzantine Empire, and other religious and political institutions gave him sanctuary.Transformation since the 19th century. At the time of the first Opium War (–42), East Asian societies had been Confucianized for centuries.
The continuous growth of Mahayana Buddhism throughout Asia and the presence of Daoism in China, shamanism in Korea, and Shintōism in Japan did not undermine the power of Confucianism in government, education, family rituals, and social ethics.
Over the past 15 years, I’ve been studying how companies create strategy—the most important responsibility of senior executives. Many corporations, I find, have replaced the annual top-down.
Over the past 15 years, I’ve been studying how companies create strategy—the most important responsibility of senior executives.
Many corporations, I find, have replaced the annual top-down. The United Nations World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), also known as Earth Summit II or Rio +10, took place in Johannesburg, South Africa between August 26th and September 4th English has developed over the course of more than 1, years.
The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English. Middle English began in the late 11th century with the Norman conquest of England and was a period in which the language was influenced by French.
Union and Labor Relations, - The objective of this paper is to provide the history of Union and Labor Relations, outline the advantages and disadvantages of working in a union environment, and to identify ways in which management can successfully manage in a union environment.