An introduction to the history of pericles

It is called a democracy, because not the few but the many govern.

An introduction to the history of pericles

The Fragility of Thalassocracy, Pericles to Heinlein In large bodies, the circulation of power must be less vigorous at the extremities This is the immutable condition, the eternal law of extensive and detached empire.

An introduction to the history of pericles

Mahan, however, does not discuss what is usually considered the first thalassocracy, that of Athens in the 5th Century BC. A thalassocracy is a state that uses its navy to project its power and to unite various possessions that are separated by water.


Not all naval powers are thalassocracies. Indeed, the key to a state being a thalassocracy is if its power, even its political existence, would collapse completely with the annihilation of its navy. This is the noteworthy fragility of a thalassocracy -- a navy can be crippled or destroyed, sometimes even in a day, leaving the state dismembered and helpless.

They were Pyrrhic victories; and Britain, as the principal modern thalassocracy, proved to wield a power so fragile that even victory could not preserve it. The first nation whose power depended principally on its ships may have been Crete, about which we known little, and then Phoenicia, about which we know a great deal.

Phoenicia, however, was never politically unified, was often under foreign rule, did not effectively retain control of its colonies, and never used colonies as footholds of conquest.

The greatest Phoenician colony, Carthage, itself came rather closer to a thalassocracy, retaining control of colonies in the Western Mediterranean and then, under Hamilcar Barca, undertaking the conquest and development of Spain as a Carthaginian imperial possession.

By then a major thalassocracy had already come and gone. In general Greece exhibited the same characteristics as Phoenicia. Greek city states founded colonies but then retained little or no control over them.

An introduction to the history of pericles

With Athens, we got something different. The power of Athens began with the League of Delos, a defensive confederation formed to oppose the Persian invasion of Greece in All members made proportional contributions to the common defense, which were kept at the Temple of Apollo on the Island of Delos.

With the Persians defeated, the League continued.

Athens - History |

But the status of Athens as the predominant member began to tell. Pericles wanted to move the Treasury of the League from Delos to Athens.

He did this even though no other members of the League agreed. Athens then began spending the money for its own purposes, and the contributions of League members became in effect Tribute paid to Athens. The League became what historians now like to call the "Athenian Empire," although such terminology is pretty anachronistic.

Nor is it apt.From Zero to Greek: An Introduction to the Language for Everyone A pre-Institute workshop at American Classical League 61st Annual Institute, Durham, NH Holloway Commons: Cocheco Room. Find out more about the history of Pericles, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.

Get all the facts on Find out more about the history of Thucydides, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on Pericles ABLE Project is a non-profit American run learning center, established in Russia.

Pericles specializes in preparing foreign students to work or study in Western businesses or Law or Business Schools. Pericles or Perikles (ca. – BC, Greek: Περικλῆς, meaning "surrounded by glory") was a prominent and influential statesman.

He also was an orator, and general of Athens. He lived between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars. About The History of the Peloponnesian War.

Written four hundred years before the birth of Christ, this detailed contemporary account of the struggle between Athens and Sparta stands an excellent chance of fulfilling the author’s ambitious claim that the work “was done to last forever.”.

Readings | The City of Athens in the Age of Pericles | History | MIT OpenCourseWare