South Korea Table of Contents The growth of the industrial sector was the principal stimulus to economic development. In manufacturing industries accounted for approximately 30 percent of the gross domestic product GDP and 25 percent of the work force. Benefiting from strong domestic encouragement and foreign aid, Seoul's industrialists introduced modern technologies into outmoded or newly built facilities at a rapid pace, increased the production of commodities--especially those for sale in foreign markets--and plowed the proceeds back into further industrial expansion.
However, it maintains unreasonable restrictions on freedom of expression, association, and assembly.
Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT persons, women, racial and ethnic minorities, foreigners—especially refugees and migrants—and people with HIV remains a major problem.
South Korea faced one of its most tumultuous political years in recent memory when on December 9,the National Assembly voted to impeach President Park Geun-Hye. Charges against her included abuse of power, bribery, and extortion, and leaking classified government information.
The action followed massive public protests. On March 10,the Constitutional Court upheld the impeachment. Park was arrested on March 30 and was awaiting trial at time of writing. Moon Jae-In, a former human rights lawyer and the leader of the left-leaning Democratic Party of Korea, won South korea construction industry presidency on May 9,with 41 percent of the vote.
In May, South Korea was reviewed by the United Nations Committee against Torture, which expressed concern about detention conditions and excessive use of force.
Freedom of Expression Although South Korea has a free press and a lively civil society, successive South Korean governments and large corporations have at various times used draconian criminal defamation laws, the national security law, and restrictive interpretations of other laws to create a chilling effect that limits critical scrutiny of the government and corporations.
The law focuses solely on whether what was said or written was in the public interest and does not allow for truth as a complete defense.
This follows the development in of a plan to train district education officials around the country on new sex education guidelines that do not mention sexual minorities.
A campaign by the military to identify and oust gay and bisexual male soldiers and officers started in April After a video of two servicemen having sex was posted on the internet by one of the men, the army investigated, interrogated, and compelled suspected gay and bisexual soldiers to admit their activities.
Military investigators seized the mobile phones of more than 50 soldiers to identify other gay and bisexual servicemen. On May 24, a military court sentenced an army captain to six months in prison for having consensual sex with another man.
Government officials are prohibited by law from exercising their right to form a union. The KTU was stripped of its legal status in October because it allows fired teachers to remain as members, while the KGEU has been repeatedly denied the ability to legally register as a union.
The Trade Union and Labour Relations Adjustment Act interferes with freedom of association by requiring a union to expel workers from membership if they are dismissed, even in cases where workers are fired for undertaking legal trade union activity. The law also interferes with freedom of association by barring those who are not members from standing for trade union office.
In October, the CESCR committee raised concerns about lack of protections for workers, including sub-contracted and dispatched labor, and those considered independent contractors, like truck drivers or construction equipment operators. Gender-based stereotypes concerning the role of women in the family and society are common—including widespread social stigma and discrimination against unmarried mothers—and are often unchallenged or even encouraged by the government.
A relatively small proportion of women occupy decision-making positions in the business, political and public sectors, and there is a 37 percent wage gap between men and women. Healthcare workers who provide abortions can face up to two years in prison.
All abortions are prohibited after 24 weeks of pregnancy. In October, overSouth Koreans signed a petition calling for legalization of abortion, which the government had pledged to respond to within a month. However, it continues to reject the vast majority of non-North Korean asylum seekers entering the country.
Sincethe government granted refugee status to approximately 2.
Between January and October7, applied for refugee status; the government accepted just 96 cases, or approximately 1.Prospects and challenges in the Korean construction industry: An economic overview South Korea, Construction Industry, Architectu ral Trends, Prospects and Challenges In The Korean.
Growth in South Korea's construction industry continued to accelerate in , with output growth in real terms of %, measured at a constant US dollar exchange rate.
This follows annual growth of % in , % in and % in South Korea Table of Contents. The growth of the industrial sector was the principal stimulus to economic development.
In manufacturing industries accounted for approximately 30 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) and 25 percent of the work force. South Korea Table of Contents. In General Park Chung Hee overthrew the popularly elected regime of Prime Minister Chang Myon.
A nationalist, Park wanted to transform South Korea from a backward agricultural nation into a modern industrial nation that would provide a decent way of life for its citizens while at the same time defending itself from outside aggression. South Korea - Settlement patterns: Agglomerated villages are common in river valleys and coastal lowlands in rural areas, ranging from a few houses to several hundred.
Villages are frequently located along the foothills facing toward the south, backed by hills that give protection from the severe northwestern winter winds. Small clustered fishing villages are found along the coastline. Mar 10, · Construction Industry.
As per a report published by Timetric, the South Korean construction industry’s forecast-period (–) outlook is better than its review-period (–) performance, with average annual growth in real terms set to accelerate from percent during the review period to percent over the forecast .