Christianity[ edit ] A medieval painting depicting host desecration by Jews With the advent of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire, the Emperor Theodosius criminalized sacrilege in an even more expansive sense, including heresyschismand offenses against the emperor, such as tax evasion.
The Modern Scientific Study of Religion. Derivation, analysis, and definition The derivation of the word "religion" has been a matter of dispute from ancient times.
Not even today is it a closed question. Cicero, in his "De natura deorum", II, xxviii, derives religion from relegere to treat carefully: But as religion is an elementary notion long antedating the time of complicated ritual presupposed in this explanation, we must seek elsewhere for its etymology.
A far more likely derivation, one that suits the idea of religion in its simple beginning, is that given by Lactantiusin his "Divine Institutes", IV, xxviii. He derives religion from religare to bind: Augustinein his City of God X. Augustine himself was not satisfied with it, for in his "Retractions", I, xiii, he abandoned it in favour of the derivation given by Lactantius.
He employs the latter meaning in his treatise "On the True Religion", where he says: The correct one seems to be that offered by Lactantius.
Religion in its simplest form implies the notion of being bound to God ; the same notion is uppermost in the word religion in its most specific sense, as applied to the life of poverty, chastity, and obedience to which individuals voluntarily bind themselves by vows more or less solemn.
Hence those who are thus bound are known as religious. Religion, broadly speaking, means the voluntary subjection of oneself to God. It exists in its highest perfection in heavenwhere the angels and saints lovepraise, and adore Godand live in absolute conformity to His holy will.
It does not exist at all in hellwhere the subordination of rational creatures to their Creator is one not of free willbut of physical necessity. On earth it is practically coextensive with the human racethough, where it has not been elevated to the supernatural plane through Divine revelationit labours under serious defects.
It is with religion as affecting the life of man on earth that this article deals.
The analysis of the idea of religion shows that it is very complex, and rests on several fundamental conceptions. It implies first of all the recognition of a Divine personality in and behind the forces of nature, the Lord and Ruler of the world, God.
In the highest religions, this supernatural Being is conceived as a spirit, one and indivisible, everywhere present in nature, but distinct from it.
In the lower religions, the various phenomena of nature are associated with a number of distinct personalities, though it is rare that among these numerous nature-deities one is not honoured as supreme. Ethical qualities corresponding to the prevailing ethical standards, are attributed by the different peoples to their respective deities.
In every form of religion is implied the conviction that the mysterious, supernatural Being or beings has control over the lives and destinies of men. Especially in lower grades of culture, where the nature and utilization of physical laws is but feebly understood, man feels in many ways his helplessness in the presence of the forces of nature: There thus arises in the natural order a sense of dependence on the Deity, deeply felt need of Divine help.
This lies at the basis of religion. Still it is not the recognition of dependence on God that constitutes the very essence of religion, indispensable as it is.Stella Maris College,is one of the well known college in Chennai which was established in the year The college is a Catholic institution of higher education for women is an autonomous college affiliated to the University of Madras and is partly residential.
Amy Chua and the direst political challenge of our time. Hinduism and Buddhism The idea of “religare” or binding oneself back to one’s religion is key to many religions. In Christianity, we bind our selves back to the truth unveiled through scripture, myths, tradition, and the church’s teachings.
The primary purpose of the College of Inner Awareness, Metaphysical Studies and Spiritual Studies is to train and educate prospective leaders for metaphysical ministries and schools through Distant-Learning or On-campus Training.
religion (n.) c. , Lactantius, Augustine) and the interpretation of many modern writers connects it with religare "to bind fast" (see rely), via notion of "place an obligation on," or "bond between humans and gods." In that case, the re-would be intensive.
The Norse Viking Age - In most cases, the Norse Viking Age is recorded to have officially began in AD with the first recorded raid through to AD, ending with the Battle of Hastings.