In Western African art in particular, there is a widespread emphasis on expressive individualism while simultaneously being influenced by the work of predecessors.
Posted by AdminLabels: Society and Governance Friday, 15 April 4: Nowadays, although Women still are major food producers either directly or through employment, they do not receive the recognition and respect that they used to.
Colonialism profoundly negatively affected the role and status of Women in African society. There is a section dedicated to colonialism an its impact on the status and roles of Women in Africa.
Moreover, in much of pre-colonial Africa, bridewealth gave women a certain amount of economic independence and clout. In the past, African women in some societies retained a measure of control over their bridewealth which economically empowered her to a certain extent. Sadly, with the new financial constraints experienced by males due to colonialism, especially in the form of heavy taxation, bridewealth became a source of income that males sought to control.
Thus, once more, women were excluded from cultural that had previously given women some measure of economic independence. Among these people from West Africa, women dominated the trade and merchant exchange of goods of their community.
Women were responsible for a number of things including: These women had highly developed business acumen which they used for the economic upliftment of their community. Keep in mind that many of these women were taking over the business from mothers or aunties of the same profession.
Therefore, the economic knowledge they implemented had been honed for centuries. In short, they knew what they were doing. Perhaps the absence of women, and thus the absence of ancient African economic knowledge is contributing to the LACK of economic organization and power in many African nations.
Spiritual Power In ancient Africa, women were often the most powerful spiritual figures in the land. Women were often in charge of the spiritual system in the land. This group of women were a select group, and not all women were allowed to join the ranks of spiritual leadership.
Nonetheless, the positions of spiritual and religion power in most African traditional societies were dominated by women. These were responsible for announcing dates and times of ceremonies, rites and rituals. These women were oracles, spirit mediums, knowers, seers and advisors.
These women had the power to place and remove curses. African people are known for their spiritualism and love for religion. Therefore, we can see how a dominant feminine energy in the spiritual sphere helped o ensure that women were respected in society. Political Roles We will begin with a intimate type of governance system used by African women.
In parts of pre-colonial Nigeria, newly-married women of a given town would form an organization designed to look out for their interests and those of their families. Among the responsibilities of this body was the governance of their husbands! If one of the members came to the group with a serious and valid complaint about the behaviour of her husband, the group would find this mad, confront him with the allegations and keep and eye on him until his behaviour improved.
This method was highly effective because it did away with the often destructive and frankly, Western notion, that a marriage or serious relationship if only the business of the two involved. This system of inter-personal governance ensure that BOTH the man and woman were accountable to each other and treated each other with respect and dignity.
The position of Queen mother seen across Africa in Ghana among the Akan, Egypt, Uganda, Ethiopia and Rwanda but to name a few, gave women prominent and visible political authority in running the nation.
She often had her own land, from which she gained revenue through tax and her word was law o the land she owned. She had her own courts complete with courtiers and staff. It is only through her courts that decrees, especially death sentences, made by the King could be annulled.
Therefore, although the King had the technical power of the lives of those in his kingdom, the Queen Mother could often give someone back their life.
The Queen Mother among the Akan of Ghana also had very important role in terms of ensuring the well-being of the women and children of the nation.
Therefore, she and her staff were responsible for designing and implementing the educational system of the land. As you can see, the nation was entirely comfortable with the Queen Mother and her staff being in control of the structure, organization, some content and day-to day running of the educational system which ALL their children were affected by.
We as modern African women should remember that not too long ago the minds of all nation were moulded by the vision women. Often the Queen mother also in charge of childbirth, coming-of-age and marriage ceremonies.
For example among the Baganda of Uganda, the Kings wife had considerable power.Colonialism profoundly negatively affected the role and status of Women in African society.
There is a section dedicated to colonialism an its impact on the status and roles of Women in Africa. Moreover, in much of pre-colonial Africa, bridewealth gave women a certain amount of .
The Role of the African* Playwright as a Griot. by Gerene L. Freeman. Contents of Curriculum Unit Indigenous African drama like any art form in any given society is influenced by the perception of the world held by the community as well as the artist.
“The first attempt to examine African plays/playwrights in a social as.
Africa Research Project African art plays a major role in the African society. Their fine art is a significant part of African culture and history of the world.
Their art influences other artists in the civilization to create their own art . African art masks, African paintings and African art patterns The mask plays a very important role in traditional African art and life, pa (ii): The "Négritude" Movement and "African Philosophy" In , the young Léopold Sédar Senghor left his home in Senegal to study in Paris.
The Role of Folk Music in Traditional African Society: The Igbo Experience In Africa generally, music plays an important part in the lives of the people and one of the major African traditional music is also the music of the farmer, the fisherman and the hunter, craft man, trader and.
The Role of African Traditional Religion, Culture and World-View in the Context of Post- Key words: African Traditional Religion, Rituals, World-view, Healing, Post-war healing 1.
Introduction which society adapts itself to its physical, social, and ideational environment.